Get The Discount Getting started with your own abstract example Now that we know that all good examples of abstracts are, in fact, a precise but brief summary of your whole paper, it becomes pretty obvious that you cannot start working on an abstract until the paper is written - not unless you have a very detailed outline you plan to stick to in your work.
Origins "Nihilism" comes from the Latin nihil, or nothing, which means not anything, that which does not exist. It appears in the verb "annihilate," meaning to bring to nothing, to destroy completely. Early in the nineteenth century, Friedrich Jacobi used the word to negatively characterize writing abstract extended essay guidelines idealism.
It only became popularized, however, after its appearance in Ivan Turgenev's novel Fathers and Sons where he used "nihilism" to describe the crude scientism espoused by his character Bazarov who preaches a creed of total negation.
In Russia, nihilism became identified with a loosely organized revolutionary movement C. In his early writing, anarchist leader Mikhael Bakunin composed the notorious entreaty still identified with nihilism: The movement advocated a social arrangement based on rationalism and materialism as the sole source of knowledge and individual freedom as the highest goal.
By rejecting man's spiritual essence in favor of a solely materialistic one, nihilists denounced God and religious authority as antithetical to freedom. The movement eventually deteriorated into an ethos of subversion, destruction, and anarchy, and by the late s, a nihilist was anyone associated with clandestine political groups advocating terrorism and assassination.
The earliest philosophical positions associated with what could be characterized as a nihilistic outlook are those of the Skeptics. Because they denied the possibility of certainty, Skeptics could denounce traditional truths as unjustifiable opinions.
Extreme skepticism, then, is linked to epistemological nihilism which denies the possibility of knowledge and truth; this form of nihilism is currently identified with postmodern antifoundationalism.
Nihilism, in fact, can be understood in several different ways. Political Nihilism, as noted, is associated with the belief that the destruction of all existing political, social, and religious order is a prerequisite for any future improvement.
Ethical nihilism or moral nihilism rejects the possibility of absolute moral or ethical values.
Instead, good and evil are nebulous, and values addressing such are the product of nothing more than social and emotive pressures. Existential nihilism is the notion that life has no intrinsic meaning or value, and it is, no doubt, the most commonly used and understood sense of the word today.
Max Stirner's attacks on systematic philosophy, his denial of absolutes, and his rejection of abstract concepts of any kind often places him among the first philosophical nihilists.
For Stirner, achieving individual freedom is the only law; and the state, which necessarily imperils freedom, must be destroyed. Even beyond the oppression of the state, though, are the constraints imposed by others because their very existence is an obstacle compromising individual freedom.
Thus Stirner argues that existence is an endless "war of each against all" The Ego and its Own, trans. Friedrich Nietzsche and Nihilism Among philosophers, Friedrich Nietzsche is most often associated with nihilism. For Nietzsche, there is no objective order or structure in the world except what we give it.
For him, nihilism requires a radical repudiation of all imposed values and meaning: The caustic strength of nihilism is absolute, Nietzsche argues, and under its withering scrutiny "the highest values devalue themselves.How to Write an Abstract.
Philip Koopman, Carnegie Mellon University October, Abstract. Writing an efficient abstract is hard work, but will repay you with increased impact on the world by enticing people to read your publications.
Make sure that all the components of a . The University of Toronto expects its students to write well, and it provides a number of resources to help them. To find what you need investigate Writing Centres and Writing Courses, consider attending one of the workshops in our Writing Plus series, look at our Writing Advice pages, and read the most recent news about writing support and initiatives at U of T.
The Extended Abstract, Rules, and Guidelines Due date for submissions extended to March 20, To participate in this year’s symposium, students must submit an extended abstract ( words) that addresses the questions on the Cover Form. Paul Kingsnorth is a writer and poet living in Cumbria, England.
He is the author of several books, including the poetry collection Kidland and his fictional debut The Wake, winner of the Gordon Burn Prize and the Bookseller Book of the Year Award. Kingsnorth is the cofounder and director of the Dark Mountain Project, a network of writers, artists, and thinkers.
This webpage is for Dr. Wheeler's literature students, and it offers introductory survey information concerning the literature of classical China, classical Rome, classical Greece, the Bible as Literature, medieval literature, Renaissance literature, and genre studies.
My President Was Black. A history of the first African American White House—and of what came next.