Changes in atmospheric composition and consequent global warming.
Canada, second largest country in the world in area after Russiaoccupying roughly the northern two-fifths of the continent of North America.
In addition, Canada harbours and exports a wealth of natural resources and intellectual capital equaled by few other countries. The word Canada is derived from the Huron - Iroquois kanata, meaning a village or settlement.
In the 16th century, French explorer Jacques Cartier used the name Canada to refer to the area around the settlement that is now Quebec city. Later, Canada was used as a synonym for New Francewhich, from toincluded all the French possessions along the St. Lawrence River and the Great Lakes. The name Canada was fully restored afterwhen Britain divided old Quebec into the provinces of Upper and Lower Canada renamed in Canada West and Canada Eastrespectively, and collectively called Canada.
The act also divided the old colony of Canada into the separate provinces of Ontario and Quebec. Dominion status allowed Canada a large measure of self-rule, but matters pertaining to international diplomacy and military alliances were reserved to the British crown. Canada became entirely self-governing within the British Empire inthough full legislative independence was not achieved untilwhen Canada obtained the right to amend its own constitution.
George Hunter Canada shares a 5,mile- 8,km- long border with the United States including Alaska —the longest border in the world not patrolled by military forces—and the overwhelming majority of its population lives within miles km of the international boundary.
Although Canada shares many similarities with its southern neighbour—and, indeed, its popular culture and that of the United States are in many regards indistinguishable—the differences between the two countries, both temperamental and material, are profound. More than that, Canadians live in a society that in most legal and official matters resembles Britain—at least in the English-speaking portion of the country.
Quebec, in particular, exhibits French adaptations: The French character in Quebec is also reflected in differences in religion, architecture, and schooling. Elsewhere in Canada, French influence is less apparent, confined largely to the dual use of French and English for place names, product labels, and road signs.
The Inuit prefer that term rather than Eskimoand it is commonly used in Canada. In addition, the growing number of immigrants from other European countries, Southeast Asiaand Latin America has made Canada even more broadly multicultural. It was a founding member of the United Nations and has been active in a number of major UN agencies and other worldwide operations.
In Canada joined the Organization of American States and signed a free trade agreement with the United States, a pact that was superseded in by the North American Free Trade Agreement which also includes Mexico.
Parliament BuildingsParliament Buildings, Ottawa.Concern about overpopulation is an ancient topic. Tertullian was a resident of the city of Carthage in the second century CE, when the population of the world was about million (only 3–4% of what it is today).He notably said: "What most frequently meets our view (and occasions complaint) is our teeming population.
Canada: Geographical and historical treatment of Canada, including maps and statistics as well as a survey of its people, economy, and government. Aging of Population Leonid A. Gavrilov and Patrick Heuveline This is a manuscript of our article in The Encyclopedia of Population.
New York, Macmillan Reference USA, [Note: This original manuscript is slightly different from the final publication because of small editorial changes.].
Canada - Settlement patterns: When Europeans began exploring and developing resources in what is now Canada, they found the land sparsely populated by many different Indian peoples in the south and the Inuit in the north.
The native peoples were primarily hunters and gatherers and often were nomadic.
Because they were few in . This report examines the changing demographic characteristics of U.S. mothers by comparing women who gave birth in with those who gave birth in It is based on data from the National Center for Health Statistics and the Census Bureau.
It also presents results of a nationwide Pew Research. A health care worker in Bangladesh gives a young pregnant woman a birthing kit for a safer delivery. It contains a sterile razor to cut the cord, a sterile plastic sheet to place under the birth area, and other simple, sanitary items - all which help save lives.