Nature and Modernity Themes and Colors LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in Tess of the d'Urbervilles, which you can use to track the themes throughout the work. The cruel hand of fate hangs over all the characters and actions of the novel, as Tess Durbeyfield's story is basically defined by the bad things that happen to her. Thomas Hardy himself, as the author of the novel, obviously causes the many unfair coincidences and plot twists that beset Tess, but as narrator he also manages to appear as her only advocate against an unjust world.
Coincidence, destiny and fate Central motifs in Hardy's work Readers are drawn to the concepts of coincidence, Fate and destiny in Hardy's novels because they seem central to the way in which he makes his plots work.
Coincidence Any novel has to use coincidence to some extent: To tie up the plot or sub-plots, and to resolve mysteries and secrets To bring characters together To create ironies and surprises. Coincidences, of themselves, are neutral. It is how they affect the characters that matters.
In fiction, any coincidence has to be made to work and to turn the plot in one direction or another. Hardy's coincidences may appear to be happy at the outset, but ironic ally they often turn out badly.
The necessity of coincidences with a limited cast Hardy has very few characters in Tess, dispersed over a period of five years and an area of some fifty miles by thirty miles. Realistically, the chances of three people meeting and re-meeting in such circumstances are very low, yet such a coincidence is never impossible.
Given these parameters, it could be said that Hardy uses coincidence to the minimum in Tess.
Only a few times do we find the coincidences a little far-fetched, for example the Darch girls turning up on the farm at Flintcombe-Ash. The one big coincidence is re-meeting Alec Ch But within the narrative arche is a past that has to be faced and resolved.
George Eliot said a similar thing in Mill on the Floss, except she used the word ' fate '- as does Alec in Ch 8. He claims that it was 'my fate' to have a vicious horse; it is clearly in his character to possess such an animal. The same argument could be applied to when she pushes the letter to Angel under the carpet.
Could it be that, at some subconscious level, she did not want Angel to get the letter? She perhaps wanted it 'brushed under the carpet' see Other images and symbols.
An ironic novelist such as Hardy exploits such alternative explanations but refuses to guide his readers. Thus, a tension between writer and reader is set up. Fate ' Fate ' has a more impersonal connotation than 'destiny', and is usually perceived as a more hostile force.
That is why, as the coincidences stack up against Tess, the reader perhaps feels there is some malevolent force against her. Hardy emphasises this idea with his comment on Tess's execution, that: At times, the character of Time itself seems to act as fate. What is destined to happen to someone.Start studying Tess of the D'Urbervilles - Fate/Destiny.
Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The Difference Between Destiny and Fate in Tess of the D'Urbervilles PAGES 3.
WORDS View Full Essay. More essays like this: decision making, tess of durbervilles, concept of destiny. Not sure what I'd do without @Kibin - Alfredo Alvarez, student @ Miami University. Exactly what I needed. A summary of Symbols in Thomas Hardy's Tess of the d’Urbervilles.
Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Tess of the d’Urbervilles and what it means. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. In Tess of the d'Urbervilles, Thomas Hardy primarily showcases man's inability to elude fate.
Society's constraints highlight the futile nature of attempting to change the course of one's life, for the inability to transcend one's social classes mirrors the impossibility of transcending one's destiny.
For example, while Hardy is ambiguous about what really happens between Tess and Alec, fate and Tess's parents put her in the position to meet Alec in the first place.
The ThemeTracker below shows where, and to what degree, the theme of Injustice and Fate appears in each chapter of Tess of the d'Urbervilles.
Click or tap on any chapter to read its Summary & Analysis.