Immigration and emigration are present, but are usually not measured. All of these are measured to determine the harvestable surplus, which is the number of individuals that can be harvested from a population without affecting long-term population stability or average population size.
Munshi Marg, Shivajinagar, Pune On this eventful occasion the Government has announced a revised Population Policy statement and the setting up of a jumbo-sized National Population Commission. Only the passage of time will show whether the new policy would deliver the goods.
In this context, the three books under review, which present the population problem in different perspectives, should help in a proper appreciation of the issues involved. By a coincidence, the first book, which seeks to view population as a resource and not as a drain on our limited resources, has been brought out around the time the Maharashtra Government announced its decision to deny a number of benefits, including rationed food and even healthcare, to families comprising more than two children.
This is meant as a disincentive for parents who do not adopt the small family norm. The underlying intention is understandable.
However, this goes counter to one of the lessons learnt over the past five decades of implementation of the population control programme that disincentives not only do not work but can also be counterproductive.
That is why the latest Population Policy statement avoids any mention of disincentives, though it envisages some incentives by way of rewarding the panchayats and the families adopting the small family norm.
Its focus is on a range of programmes covering different sectors like strengthening the primary healthcare service, reducing maternal and child mortality, development of the girl child, improving access to education for all and meeting the unmet needs of contraception to motivate people in favour of the small family norm.
In a sense, the philosophy underlying the latest Population Policy statement can be said to reflect the basic thesis propounded in the first book.
It is dedicated to demographer- economist Julian L. Simon of the University of Maryland, who had challenged the Malthusian fear of the planet being devoured by a growing population way back in the s.
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The debate raised by him has not ended with his passing away in Beur of the U. Mitra recalls how Simon genuinely rejoiced at the potential, which every new life brought.
On the face of it these observations would seem difficult to digest, particularly when the nation as a whole has been fed with the thesis that population explosion is the root cause of all the ills facing it. Population Division on deputation and was assigned the task of conducting the well- known Mysore Population Study and subsequently, as Director of Demographic Training and Research Centre in Bombay, which was later upgraded into the International Institute for Population Sciences with the status of a deemed university.
He recounts the various strategies followed from time to time and analyses their impact.
This volume would be invaluable to those seeking a better perspective of the growth of demography in India and a proper appreciation of the vital link between cultural practices and population stabilisation efforts.
The third book, authored by a well-known scientist and science communicator, also takes an unconventional view of the population growth.
As the author describes in his prelude, it is a third incarnation of the book Science, Population and Development, which was brought out six years ago as a companion volume to his presidential address to the Indian Science Congress in While demographers viewed the census figures as heralding doom for India, Gowariker read in these a positive trend of population being under control.
The point he made was that people on their own were choosing to have fewer children because they knew that was good for them. The present book is a condensed version of this brought out on the death anniversary of the industrialist H.
Based on these, he predicts that with the birth rate of 21 per thousand, death rate of eight per thousand per year and the natural increase of 13 per thousand, India will reach the Net Reproduction Rate of one within a decade from According to him, the Census should clearly signify how close the country is to this momentous stage of demographic transition.
He rejects the prophecy that India will become the most populous country in the world. It is not that Gowariker advocates complacency; he does not want to present a gloomy picture.
He suggests massive training of innovative communicators to convey population-related messages to the people, achievement of total literacy and making the country surplus in power for all times to come over the next five years.
All the three volumes seek to bring about population stabilisation without recourse to coercion or disincentives, which are coercive in nature.The global human population will reach billion in This year’s edition includes a special focus on the world’s youth (ages ), with indicators and analytical graphics showing countries by population, the current world population and other key indicators.
Fashion Retail Scenario in India: Trends and Market Dynamics The Indian retail market is expected to demonstrate a promising year-on-year growth of 6% to reach USD Population of India - As per the latest survey carried out on March, , the total population of India was recorded to be 1,,, persons thus making it the second largest populated country in the world.
India follows China in this race of population, the former being at number one. In July , this mark had increased by a considerable number and the last recorded data had the figure. Population Dynamics in India and Implications for Economic Growth The Dynamics and Status of India's Economic Reforms Political Economy of Infrastructure Spending in India.
Population dynamics is the branch of life sciences that studies the size and age composition of populations as dynamical systems, and the biological and environmental processes driving them (such as birth and death rates, and . Unit 5: Human Population Dynamics Street Market in Mumbai, India.
Courtesy of David E. Bloom Overview What factors influence human population growth trends most strongly, and how does population growth or decline impact Unit 5: Human Population Dynamics leslutinsduphoenix.com