Research into the therapeutic action of writing[ edit ] The expressive writing paradigm[ edit ] Expressive writing is a form of writing therapy developed primarily by James W. Pennebaker in the late s.
What causes lost marks? A lack of knowledge of the text. It's easily the number one cause of lost marks, in controlled assessments, coursework and exams. This might not be good news if it applies to you, but there's no escaping the fact that you can't write in detail about a text you don't know well.
But wait - there's help at hand Kick future hassle, frustration and disappointment into touch by recognising the benefits of re-reading and reflecting deeply on your story - with the essay question firmly in mind as you re-read. But not just yet!
You'll need help as you read so either find a friend to share the strain with or, at the very least, get hold of one of the free study guides available from the links above.
Oh, and don't forget to read the rest of this guide, too - it will guide your reading so that you know exactly what to look for as you read. Pre stories can pose particular difficulties - not surprisingly as they were often written with an older, highly educated audience in mind. Understanding these texts really can become much easier if you have a study guide to refer to as you read them.
Benefits of writing a frame story the links above. You can never know all there is to know about a text so, if you've read it in class and re-read it again at home along, perhaps, with a study guidethen rest peacefully in the knowledge that you've done all you can. Do read this guide, too, though as it will guide you to what examiners are looking for.
Be sure to ask your teacher for some past CA or exam questions. Practising these is an excellent way to prepare and reduce the tension of the CA or exam. What's needed to gain a high grade? Most marks are given for the quality of your interpretation.
This means that you need to become something of an expert at finding the various layers of meaning that exist within your text - reading 'between the lines'.
Meaning can be 'shaped' and 'layers of meaning' created when a writer uses language in literary ways This is language that creates imagery and connotationsthus developing emotion and feelings. Various literary techniques can help a writer achieve this.
Never forget what a story is Try hard to get right back to those initial ideas, thoughts and feelings and you'll be on your way to a truly great analysis and essay.
Class novels are likely to be what is called 'theme driven', rather than 'plot driven'. This means that the story - its characters, settings and action - have been written to persuade as much as entertain.
Writers create stories that absorb and emotionally involve their reader, why? In order to convince the reader to view some aspects of the world in a particular way - the author's way! These message are the story's themes and they are important to look for and discover.
Themes involve human values in the real world outside of the story. The story is the writer's means of persuading the reader to consider these ideas in a particular way - the writer's way! Literary language often relies on the use of literary devices.
These work to involve the reader and deepen the engagement with the text. Some important and common literary devices are non-literal description such as metaphor, simile and personificationdialogue and, a very important one: Poetry uses concentrated literary language as you can imagine, but prose writers of fiction and sometimes non-fiction also rely on its use.
Below is a brief extract from a story by Charles Dickens that uses fairly obvious examples of literary language to create effects on the reader, most especially to create imagery that will help the reader imagine the scene in a particular way.
Much more importantly, however, Dickens' choices of literary language help give the reader a clue as to his own attitude towards what he is describing.Using a frame story has a number of benefits.
Often, as in the case of Conrad's novel, the frame story situates the central narrative as a "told story". This metaphorically and practically links the novel's narrative to traditions of story-telling and folklore.
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Mar 28, · To use this strategy, teachers set up a frame for students’ writing. The teacher starts a sentence and leaves a blank line for students to finish the sentence. The blanks can also be placed in the middle or at the end of sentences.
10 Health Reasons to Start Drumming. The Health Benefits of Beating Your Own Drum. by Christiane Northrup, M.D. The 48 Laws of Power and Think & Grow Rich discuss much of this, the latter talking about a life purpose, and the former often talks about being bold to destroy timidity, and the king making his own reality.
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