An introduction to aboriginal people in canada and mexico

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An introduction to aboriginal people in canada and mexico

TOP When Europeans came to the Americas they were considered outsiders but, in accordance with the Aboriginal view, were permitted to share in the land and its resources.

Elders have told us that, in the eyes of the Creator, the Europeans as outsiders could not enjoy the same rights as the original inhabitants. Whatever rights the Europeans wanted had to be sought from those who were placed upon the land first by the Creator.

It is a belief common to many Aboriginal societies that the Creator placed Aboriginal people upon this land first for a reason, and that, as the first ones on the land, they were placed in a special relationship to it.

In the worldview of Aboriginal people, the Europeans were visitors and, as such, were bound to respect the obligations of that status.

Indigenous history -

For Aboriginal peoples, the land was part of their identity as a people. The earth was their Mother, the animals were their spiritual kin and all were part of the greater whole, which was life.

Their culture was grounded in nature.

An introduction to aboriginal people in canada and mexico

Time was marked by the changing seasons and the rising and setting of the sun, rather than by numbers, and their existence was marked by an acceptance of and respect for their natural surroundings and their place in the scheme of things.

The thinking of Aboriginal peoples was cyclical, rather than linear like that of the Europeans. Everything was thought of in terms of its relation to the whole, not as individual bits of information to be compared to one another. Aboriginal philosophy was holistic, and did not lend itself readily to dichotomies or categories as did European philosophy.

The most fundamental of those rights is the right to their identity as Aboriginal people. This right to identity also implies the further right to self-determination, for it is through self-determination that a people preserves their collective identity.

Indigenous peoples in Canada - Wikipedia

The right to self-determination can take several forms. This latter right is violated if the traditional economy of an Aboriginal group is disrupted severely or damaged by the encroachments of a civilization that exploits or abuses natural resources on a large scale, such as a hydro-electric project, a pipeline or a strip mine.

These are the Aboriginal rights of the indigenous people of Canada. Like Aboriginal rights, treaty rights are also understood by Aboriginal peoples in broad, conceptual terms. Unlike Aboriginal rights, however, treaty rights are more susceptible to the restrictive interpretations of the federal and provincial governments.

Governments have claimed that treaty rights are limited to written promises made to Aboriginal groups by the Crown in specific treaties.

In return for these promises, First Nations in Manitoba are purported to have agreed to "yield up" the land they traditionally used and occupied, and to move to reserves in order to make room for the expanding white settlements. The signing of the post-Confederation numbered treaties in Manitoba was a solemn affair, resulting from negotiation through a bilateral, consensual process.

An introduction to aboriginal people in canada and mexico

Indian tribes in Manitoba had been using the formality of the treaty-making process for many generations prior to the arrival of the Europeans and, to those tribes, the solemnity of the occasion marked the new relationship.

The representatives of the Crown were well aware of the importance of the process to the Indian tribes and, as some writers have pointed out, took advantage of that sense of importance. To a large extent, Indian tribes negotiated for what they could, but were faced with negotiators whose mandate was to obtain signatures upon the treaty documents by whatever means necessary.

The European objectives were to exercise complete control over the land, and to make it safe for settlement and for the development of its resources. In negotiating the treaties, the newcomers sought to provide the minimum in benefits in return for peace and control of the land.

Nevertheless, many provisions in the treaties were included at the insistence of the Aboriginal groups. Many verbal promises, not included in the written versions of the treaties, were made to reassure the Indian representatives about the exact nature of the agreements. The promises, both written and oral, were to be good "as long as the sun shines, the grass grows, and the rivers flow.

Aboriginal people consider the treaties to be agreements made between sovereign nations. Aboriginal signatories agreed to give up only their rights to certain tracts of land, not their right to govern their own lives and affairs.

While Europeans considered the treaties as transfers of title to land, Aboriginal nations perceived them merely to be agreements to share the land, as they did with the animals and other groups. Aboriginal peoples perceived the treaties as agreements only to share the land because the concept of legal title to land, as the Europeans understood it, was foreign to their culture.

Culture Name Last Edited March 4, The history of Indigenous Aboriginal art in Canada begins sometime during the last Ice Age between 80, and 12, years ago.
BibMe: Free Bibliography & Citation Maker - MLA, APA, Chicago, Harvard The name Canada is derived from the Iroquoian word kanata, which means village. Canada is located in the northern portion of the continent of North America, extending, in general, from the 49th parallel northward to the islands of the Arctic Ocean.

However, land was not something which an individual could divide, transfer, surrender, destroy or own to the exclusion of all others. The land was there to be shared, as it was the source of all life.

Today, Aboriginal peoples believe their treaty rights have become a series of broken promises. Time and time again during our hearings, people spoke eloquently about their understanding of the treaties and their frustrations at the manner of their treatment.

Aboriginal people in Manitoba firmly believe that despite, or perhaps more properly, because of the treaties they entered into with the Crown, they were to have been allowed to retain part of their land, to retain their identities, their cultures, their languages, their religions and their traditional ways of life, including their laws and their systems of government.

Those things have been denied to them. Even the manner in which the reserve land was set aside for the various First Nation signatories has been a source of frustration.

Instead of reserves being viewed by government as land for which Aboriginal people retain their original title, the government has persisted in the view that land was surrendered to the Crown, which then "gave it back" to Aboriginal people.

Aboriginal people were to have been partners in the new arrangement, with an equal say in defining their ongoing relationship with the Crown.Native American Facts for Kids Resources on American Indians for Children and Teachers Welcome to Native Languages of the Americas!We are a non-profit organization working to preserve and promote American Indian languages.

Essay about Aboriginal People of Canada Words | 6 Pages.

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Aboriginal people represent less than 3% of the total population in BC. Yet, they account for more than 9% of all suicides in BC (Chandler). We cannot vouch for the truthfulness of any report on this site.

If you feel a location has been reported in error, or want to dispute a report, please contact us. As of the census, Aboriginal peoples in Canada totalled 1,, people, or % of the national population, with , First Nations people, , Métis and 65, Inuit.

% of the population under the age of 14 are of Aboriginal descent. Dec 23,  · The indigenous peoples of Mexico still living today are called: Purepecha; Tarascan; Huichol; The Huichol are a very interesting people.

Huichol Indians live in the Sierra Madre Mountain Range in Mexico and are well known for wonderfully intricate yarn paintings and for their beautiful bead leslutinsduphoenix.coms: They have been overwhelmed by European colonies and societies and have come under their rule. Aboriginal people in Canada and Mexico are expected to live under Canadian or Mexican government when they are a different people than .